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޽۾ؤδö ΥХåå(No.1)


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OCLC˴Ϣ

Ȥǡֽ桼ƥƥפäƲ ܤǤϤɤ

OCLC󶡤Ƥ󤷤ƤŻҽҥӥϡ

OCLCLC˳ȯĤƤ붨Ʊǥե󥹥ӥϡ

OCLCäƤϿǡѸ޽Ρפ˺ǤᤤΤϡ

ʤߤˡפäƲ ïͭ̾

޽۳ͭ̾ʥե졼ʳ̤դϲǤ礦

S. R. 󥬥ʥΡֿ޽۳ؤθˡ§

1. Books are for ( ). 2. Every reader ( ) or ( ) book. 3. Every book ( ) ( ). 4. ( ) the ( ) of the reader. 5. The library is a ( ) ( ).

嵭ܸͭ̾ʥե졼

޽ۤϡʡˤʡˤǤ롣

ֹΩ޽ˡפƬ˵졤޽ۤˤǤ

Ƥ롧

ʡˤʡˤˤ

޽ۤμͳ˴ؤ

1. ޽ۤϡʡˤμͳͭ 2. ޽ۤϡʡˤμͳͭ 3. ޽ۤϡʡˤ 4. ޽ۤϡʡˤȿФ

ֿ޽۰Ρס

...޽۰׵ߤˤϡ ()Τꡤ()Τꡤ()()ӤĤ...

߼ڤʤɤʤȤäƻ󶡤Ȥá

ʡˤƤѼԤεܤõФ...

John Cotton DanaŬ

The right ( ) must be put into the right ( ) at the right ( ).

ͭ̾ʿ޽ۡʳء˴ط

ܽν٤ޤȤ᤿͡1901ǯܽпȡؿ޽۰ؿ޽ۿ޽ĹؼҲʤɤǤ

ASKAnomalous State of Knowledgeμ§֡ˤǧ뤳Ȥǿ͡ϾˡĤ褦ˤʤƤ͡

1945ǯʸAs We May Thinkɡֿͤλ׹ͤΤ褦ˡפǸĿѾƥʥͥåȤˤĤʤäߤPCΤ褦ʤΡMemexƤ͡Ϣˮܤβʳظ泫ȯɶĹʤɤǤ

1931ǯߤΥؿ޽۳رȤʤꡤɤο޽۳γΩ˿Ϥ͡

˴Ϣʸ¿μ׻˷ǺܤΤ褦ʸ򤴤鷺Ǻܤʤ褦ʻ郎¿¸ߤȤˡ§󾧤͡

μʬˤư֤nԤȯɽ븦Ԥοc/(n*n)cˤˤʤȤ̽ؤɽŪˡ§Ƥ͡

߽лɼ˲ѼԤ˻Ϥ塤޾߽з˥֥åɤ򶴤߹ǡֵͽȤᵭ󤷤ƤƤ͡ѼԤεפǡֵѸ߽еϿĤʤΤθ˥塼ˤȤä줿

ŴݶȤˤ񻺤ʸΤλưؤꤸƹͼ¶ȲȤǡƳϤ1,700ۤޤθ޽ۤ(4,100ɥ)͡1835ǯåȥޤ졣

19Ⱦƹ޽۳λƳŪʪΰͤǤꡤּϿ§פŸʬˡפͰƤ͡1837ǯƹܥȥޤ졣

ʬˡͰƤꥫ޽۶ߤȴ׺濴Ṳ̄͡1851ǯƹ˥塼衼ޤ졣

޽۱ưʼԤǡǽθ޽ˡΩ(1850)˹׸͡1851ǯ˥ޥ޽ۤνĹ˽Ǥ1812ǯѹɥޤ졣

ɥķůؤĤǡءʬˤ伫ʳؤʤ¿ʬ­פĤ͡1646ǯɥĤΥ饤ץޤ졣

KWICͰƤ֥饹פȤ󸡺ʬƳ͡20դξظΥѥ˥ΰ͡1896ǯɥĤΥХޤ졣

ܽʬˡ(1929)Ͽ§(1943)ܷ̾ɸɽ(1944)򴩹Ԥڤؤ᤿͡ܤǺǽο޽ȼԤǤꡤǯ޽۰ȤǤΤ롣

ݽʬˡȯƼԤȤΤˡΧȡ顦եơ̤ȶ˹ݾɥơϢߤʸν򥫡ɤǽ󤷤Ի˼Ȥ͡

1920ˤƤƹ޽۳λƳŪʪΰͤǡ˥塼ȸƤФ߽ͰƤ͡The right book must be put into the right hand at the right timeɤȤäŬŸ

ʬˡֿ޽۳ؤθˡ§פ󾧤ο޽۳ؤɥơ礭ʱƶͿĶͭ̾͡Ͽؤƻ˿ʤޥɥ饹ؤν޽Ĺ˽ǤƤ޽۳ؤƻž

٥ȥ֥ǥγȯʤɤǾ󸡺ʬ¿­פĤԡ1960ǯ˳ȯSMARTƥϺǽܳŪʼưƥȸ롣

ĸΩ޽ĹΩ޽ĹǤ͡۳߽Фοʡ˿޽ۤڤʸˤμ»ܡƸߤʤɡ޽ۥӥŸ͡ΤΩ޽ۤϡȿ޽ۤΥåɤȤ줿

ʸ˶Ω˻äֿ޽ۻפϴܿ޽۶ȲΤ˲Ĺ̳᤿͡عʸʤ´ȸ塤Ʊؿ޽ۤ˽ƱĹ̳᤿

޽۳ضؤˤץեåʥ륹Ǽ»ܤ٤󾧤ͤǡ1926ǯ˥ӥؤ˿޽ۥӥرߤ뤭äȤʤä֡ʤοͤ̾˥ݡȡפ͡

ϴܤο޽۳ǡƸӥưʬ֤ʤɻ¿ʿ޽۳ưŸ¿ξع޽񼼤֤˹׸͡

188821ǯ޽۳ؽؤκǽαȤƲ1ǯȾؤӡʸ˶ʸܿ޽۶ˤΩĹȤʤä͡޽ΩηĤ˿Ϥ޽ۤνĹȤʤä

һĤ˿ԤƤζ٤Ҳ1875ǯҴۤߤ̵¸͡

ꥢѹ˴̿塤ʪۤδĹȤʤꡤ91򤫤ʤʸ줿ǽϿ§򴩹ԤʤɡϿˡλĤȤ͡Ǽ٤Űޤꡤ絬Ϥʱ߷Ŵˤηߤ¸¿ζӤĤ

ܿ޽۶ĹȤ庮ǻƳϤȯֿ޽ˡ˿Ϥ͡

ե󥹤κޥʸˤλʽȤơŰ줷ȿŪʿ޽۱ĤԤƱʸˤ衼åͭΤΤ˺夲̱ˤ̸ֿ͡޽ۤϤ뤿ס1627ˤϡ޽ۤμײȤΤ롣

л񤷤ƿ޽եǥե޽ۤȯŸ͡ˤο޽ۤƹβ޽ۤȸƤФ褦ˤʤäƹΩѰΰͤǡʳؼԤȤˤȯμ¸ʤɤζӤ⤢롣

Ϥο޽ۤˬͤƼܤ䴩ܤθʪȹ礷ǽζŪȤ⤤פԻ͡ԡդȤƤ˰ءʪءưʪءϼءʪءˤ¿Ĥ

޽ۤμͳʰʲγ̤դϲǤ礦

1957ǯ֡ʡ1ˡפϺǹۤˤʪǧꤵ졤޽ۤǤϱػߤƤ롣

1967ǯNETʸƥīϡ˥ƥȡܺưפǡΤ褦ʥȡ꡼ͽꤵ줿¨⤬ͻο޽߽еϿȤˡﳲԤ飳Ⱦޤǿ޽ۤˤȤİޤȿͤԤȤƤǤ롣޽ۤФä᡼ĹȤơܿ޽۶񤬥ƥӶɤä礤äϡʡ2˻ȸƤФ롣

1973ǯʡ3˿޽ۤǡ޴طʽꡦīȤäۻ50޽۰ˤäƽͤȴ졤˱֤줿޽ۤˤŵŪʼʡʡ4ˤȸ졤1954ǯ˺򤵤줿ֿ޽ۤμͳ˴ؤפ1979ǯ˲뤭äȤʤä

1976ǯʡ5˿޽ۤǡ֡ʡ6ˡפȾԺ̤ˤĤʤȽ졤޽ۤѥ󥿡ˤ֤ѼԤ˸ƤƤӤΤȤ̡͸λˤĤƤΣ§줿

(1) ǸƤ롣 (2) ̱˻äƤӤ롣 (3) Ԥΰոʹ

1984ǯʡ7˿޽ۤϡƱ˽°ѼԤ顤¢ΡƱ¹μºݡסƱ̱ϫƯҲݡ1966ǯˤεҤ꤬ȻŦ줿ϡ(1)422ﺹν߰뤳ȡ(2)Ʊ飷ǯ˻Ŧ̱ϫƯطԤ˺ΤƤʬΩ޽ۤ¢ǤϺ줺˻ĤäƤȡΣäƤβǡ޽ۤϡ꤬޽194֤ͤ49ѴƤȤ餫ȤʤäζѰϡ޽ѴǤ˴ؤƣ̾ʬ

1986ǯʡ8ѴۤŷĤΥ顼夬Ÿ줿Ʊο޽ۤϤοϿػߤˤ̱ʤ1989ǯ˸˿ˤΤƤ줿ФȽ塤޽ۤˤ줿ϿִԤΤλϡʡ9˿ˡˤ뿳оݤȤʤäƤλǡʪŪ˸԰٤ȯͭ̾Ǥ롣

1990ǯʡ10˻Ԥߵԥå˸ơߵڤӲˡ֡ʡ11ˡפγܡѴƵѤᡤʡ10˻Ω޽ۤϸޤޤ¢ΣѴʬˤθ塤λ礭ƻ졤Ԥϻؼ˹Ԥ᤮äȤǧ᤿

1995ǯ࿿ܺΤᡤʡ12˿޽ۤαϿ50郎˴Ťɤ˲줿

1996ǯ֥ѥסʥλƸ˻ߤʤƤ̱ΡˤŲΩ޽ۤФơ¢Ρ֡ʡ13ˡפѴ褦ʤ޽ۤϽ¸ˤ뤬ѴϤʤȲ³

1997ǯϡľǯݸ˴Ť֡ʡ14ˡפͭ޽˻ꤷƱΩ޽ۤϡľǯα¤

1997ǯ֥եפͻԤλƸƵԾǯδ̿Ǻܤޤ1998ǯ֡ʡ15ˡפƱǯθĴǺܤܿ޽۶ĴȤΩ޽ۤ󣷳䤬֥եפ󶡤ˤƤΣȣˤĴȤƻܸΩ޽ۤ󣸳䤬֡ʡ15ˡפʾդޤơ󶡤ƤԤη̤Ͽ͸θΡԤη̤ϡϩˡǤäƤ޽ۤϤ󶡤ȤǤФΤȹͤ롣

2001ǯʡ16˿޽ۤǡ֡ʡ17˲פ107Ѵ줿ѼԤֲζʽΤɤˤʤäƤΤΤꤿפȸ졤Ϣ޽򽸤᤿θȥߥǽ᤿ΤѴƤޤäŪưϤʤäȷ줿ѴľǤ줿ȡ޽۵ڤӶѰ̳ɤδʬ줿ʿϸ1/10ߣ޽ĹƱʤɡˡɻߤǤʤäͳϡ(1) ĹνҷۤºݤκȤθǤäȡ(2) οȽǤͤƤȡȤ줿

2008ǯʡ18˿޽ۤʡ19ȺκȽ˴ؤˡ̳ʻѤ¤ƤȤȽ